After the sunset of the Romanesque style of constructing religious buildings – the new, more complex way of decorating and building churches came to the historical stage. In Western Europe, the church officials and rulers had built Gothic temples of the God frequently (middle of the XII century). This new style got name Gothic and it brought many differences from the Romanesque. Gothic churches were built taller and on dominate places. While the old temples had a small amount of daylight in their halls, gothic churches got a stained glass and rose windows. Craftsmen frequently decorated stained glasses with the paintings of Christ and his saints. This provided a more solemn and sacred feeling for the believers in prayer. The engineers invested more time and sweat in the exterior look of the gothic cathedrals. Many details were put on facades like demons, gargoyles, strange shaped figures and ornaments, biblical elements &c. Moreover, the main entrance of a gothic church is, often, decorated with a major arch which represents stories from the Bible. In this article, I will provide our readers with the most beautiful Gothic architectural wonders of Western Europe!
12. Salisbury Cathedral, England
It is old for more than 750 years. Its spire is considered as tallest in the UK.
11. Chartres Cathedral, France
One of the oldest in France, its building started in 1145. It is considered as a masterpiece of French Gothic art.
10. Leon Cathedral, Spain
30 meters high church is absolutely astonishing! A pearl of Spanish Gothic architecture.
09. Basilica of Saint-Denis, Paris, France
The most significant church in France, the new wave of art was born here in the XII century.
08. Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence, Italy
Building started in 1296 and it’s a symbol of the city of Florence. It was the largest church in Europe in the time of its completion. Also, has an impressive dome.
07. St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Austria
Located in Austria’s capital city of Vienna, a marvelous church which construction began in 1137.
06. Canterbury Cathedral, England
The most famous church in England. It’s dating from 1070. In this archbishop, Tomas Becket was murdered in 1170.
05. Saint Vitus Cathedral of Prague, Czechia
Located in Prague castle, its foundation dates back in the XIV century. It takes too long for its completion, which happened in 1929.
04. York Minster, England
The church with three towers is dedicated to St. Peter.
03. Notre Dame De Paris, France
Famous church by a reason! The main element of Victor Hugo’s masterpiece. Accidentally swallowed by fire a month before.
02. Cologne Cathedral, Germany
This one is so impressively dark. The main landmark of a city on the Rhine river.
01. Milan Cathedral, Italy
A symbol of whole Northern Italy. A million detailed masterpiece of Gothic architecture.
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